Based on GeoJSON & Simple Feature Access standards specifications
Object model can be found in OGC-Core package, as subclasses of OGCObject.
OGCFeature & OGCFeatureCollection classes
GeoJSON deals with FeatureCollection, which contain a collection of Features. A Feature contains an element of geometry from OGCGeometry.
Information data can be attributed to both Feature and FeatureCollections, as Properties.
GeoJSON specification and format details can be found here: https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/rfc7946 .
We implemented the geometries formalized by the Simple Access Feature standards of Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC).
We limited ourselves to 2D geometry.
Implementation specification can be found here: https://www.ogc.org/standards/sfa .
OGCGeometry is the abstract super-class of all geospatial elements.
OGCGeometry contains 2 arguments to define the associate reference system in which it is found:
a OGCMeasureReferenceSystem if needed.
Spacial reference system is necessary since it defines how space is described, according to projection type. It implements all methods for elements analysis and testing.
Thus, most common features are:
OGCPoint defined by (x,y) coordinates
OGCLine = a segment defined by 2 points
OGCLinearRing = a closed linestring without intersections
OGCPolygon = an exterior linear ring to define border + interior linear ring(s) to define holes inside
OGCGeometryCollection = collections of elementary geometries
Various spatial reference systems
A planar system
Here, we consider that geometries are located in the same plane.
Consequently, we can use planar geometry to compute distances, areas and other geometrical measures.
A spherical system
Here, we consider that geometries are located on Earth as a perfect sphere with ray of 6372.795477598 km.